We’ve got this in the bag.



Azam Waters is a Canadian company who’s goal is to help stop global warming and climate change. A phenomenon known as the ocean’s carbon balance currently allows greenhouse gasses that humans release to be dissolved in the oceans. These greenhouse gasses are then turned into oxygen by a special kind of bacteria called photosynthetic bacteria.

The problem? Photosynthetic bacteria have reached a steady state. This means that their numbers are not increasing proportionally to the additional carbon dioxide that is being added to the waters.

The result? The ocean is held in equilibrium. It can accept a certain amount of carbon dioxide into it but as that concentration increases, the amount it can absorb decreases. Eventually, the ocean will reach its saturation point and all of the greenhouse gasses we emit will rise into the atmosphere.  Not to mention that by then the oceans ecosystems will be permanently affected by the literal tons of carbon dioxide in the water.

You may have heard of ocean acidification. We are placing so much carbon dioxide into the ocean that its pH has decreased. All marine life has already been affected by this phenomenon.

This is a problem that wll one day affect us all.  We need to start trying to fix this today before it is too late.  Azam Waters has a solution





Azam Waters is trying to solve this issue by increasing the number of photosynthetic bacteria in the ocean. This can be done by creating and ideal living ecosystem in which they can thrive. Currently, the factors that kill these bacteria are predators and ocean currents moving them to colder waters where they die. To create an ideal living space for them, we must make a cage of some sort for them to live in. This will stop predators from entering and stop the bacteria from leaving, creating a space where the bacteria can reproduce exponentially.

This cage will consist of a dialysis bag which is coated in our unique thin film.  The thin film prevents bacteria from latching onto the surface and blocking the sunlight.

Once this is implemented, the bacteria can rid the oceans of excess carbon dioxide which will allow the oceans to absorb more and it will raise the pH of the oceans.

This solution could help restore life to the dead regions of the ocean.  It could potentially help save dying coral reefs.  Most importantly, it would help reduce the impact we are having on the planet


Membrane Fouling

Algal and Viral Growth on Shell Surface

Anchoring System

Continuous Harvesting

Membrane fouling is when a membrane becomes clogged or dirty. Since we are placing the dialysis mechanism in the ocean, there will be a lot of debris that will come into contact with the membrane. We must research the rate at which membrane fouling occurs and attempt to minimize it

The ocean is full of bacteria and viruses.  When the dialysis bag is placed in the ocean, many types of bacteria and viruses will try to latch themselves to the surface.  We can minimize this by choosing a polymer with specific properties.  We can place research into using a polymer similar to the ones that are used in biological implants.

We propose attaching 100 dialysis bags together and using 102 anchors.  the anchors will be fixed to the sea floor, thus minimizing the movement of the bags.

Once the ideal population is reached, research must be done into continuous harvesting mechanisms.  This will help provide the bags with maximum carbon dioxide removal

Predators that Eat Jellyfish

Boats, Shipping and Transport

Ideal Depth

Alteration from the Ideal Environment

Animals like turtles will see the bag and think it is food.  They might attack it.  Thus, we must design our polymer so it can be broken down in stomach acid and ensure that the bags are somehow repulsive to animals like turtles

If the bags are placed in an area frequented by large ships, the bacteria may need shallower bags so that they can be placed in deeper waters

The ideal depth of the bacteria can be determined by calculating the depth at which the wavelength of light is closest to that of chlorophyll a and b.  This will change with the area the bags are located.

We must be prepared for unforeseen changes in the environment such as hurricanes, algal blooms etc…



If you are passionate about global warming, research, biology, chemistry, math or just think that our company is cool, please contact us for career opportunities



Ishan Mishra


2A Nanotechnology Engineering, University of Waterloo


Ciara Azam


2A Nanotechnology Engineering, University of Waterloo


Zack Evans-Whitley


2A Nanotechnology Engineering, University of Waterloo